Glimpse of Madurai
Construction of Pudhu Mandapam began in 1628 when Thirumalai Nayak decided he wanted to build a structure in honour of Lord Sundareshwarar. The 124 unique and intricately designed pillars of the hall are unrivalled in architectural history. Sculptures of Meenakshi, Shiva and Nayak kings stand against the 40-foot pillars as they create an optical illusion of sorts.
10 pillars in the northern part of the palace, with each pillar measuring 20 meters in length. These pillars were the remains of the entrance to the living quarters of Nayaks. Now these pillars are popularly known as 'Pathuthoon'.
Vilakkuthoon (Lamp Post)
Mr.Blackburn who was a collector in 1840 allowed the people to expand the city limits and build houses beyond existing border at that time. Appreciating this, people of Madurai erected a Lamp post in 1840 honoring him.
Perumal Malai - Samanar Padukkai
Stone beds used by Jain monks in early centuries. Based on ancient inscription (Tamil Brahmi) are seen here, it can be considered that Jains first settled at Perumal hill and later they spread their habitat to Samanarmalai(Jainhills).
Inscriptions seen under the rock cut images are 'Vattezhuthu' belonging to 7th century AD. This Jain cave seen at the top of a hillock situated before Keelavalavu, about 45 km North of Madurai and on Melur - Thirupattur highway.
We can find many rock cut images belonging to the 8th and 9th century A.D. We can find the rock cut images of Bhagawan Parshwanatha flanked by Daranendra Yaksha and Padmavathi Yakshi, Umbrella and Chauri Bearers. Also we can find many other rock cut images of other Tirthankaras.
The Vettuvan Kovil (Vinayakar Kovil) is found on the slope of the hill (Kazhugumalai) and it is a rock cut Shiva temple. It is at the foot hills of the Jain vestiges.
Unfinished base of a Gopuram built by Pandiyan king near pudhu mandabam. If the tower had been finished it would have been the largest Tower in South India.
A half constructed entrance called 'Vitta Vasal', is believed to be a remnant of the thirteenth century fort wall of Pandya Kingdom.
Yanaimalai has jain caves where Jain Tirthankaras as bass relief from 1 AD.